More than 60 million Americans suffer from some form of acne breakouts. Acne affects more than 80% of all teenagers at some point in their lives, and clogged pores comprise more than 25% of all visits to the dermatologist. Acne has now hit epidemic proportions in adults, especially women. What used to be just a “teenage problem” is now a real challenge in people’s lives.
Women in their 30’s, 40’s and beyond are now not only dealing with aging skin but acne breakouts as well. Confused, they are running to the dermatologist faster than ever for a prescription of either topical or oral antibiotics to kill the acne-causing bacteria known as p.acnes (Propionibacterium acnes).
Is this a wise decision? As a licensed esthetician, acne specialist AND former acne-sufferer, I think NOT. Let me explain…
Antibiotics, when taken for acne, only address ONE part of the problem. They are meant to kill bacteria. They do not tackle the issue of excessive shedding of the skin cells. Normal pores shed up to one layer of dead skin cells per day, whereas the acne-prone pore will shed up to FIVE layers per day. To add insult to injury, the skin cells of an acne-prone pore are “stickier” than those of a normal pore. The “stickiness” causes the skin cells to clump together. To make matters even worse, an acne-prone individual produces more facial oil (sebum) which also tends to be thicker. The thicker sebum combines with the mass of dead skin cells and a plug begins to form in the pore causing blackheads and whiteheads. Bacteria love an anaerobic (without oxygen) environment and they begin to feed on the plug in the pore which causes inflammation. Antibiotics will do NOTHING to stop the excess shedding of skin cells.
Oral antibiotics have also been known to cause disturbances in the body’s normal pH levels. Good bacteria are also killed off which throws normal flora completely out-of-whack. It’s no wonder that a lot of times, doctors prescribe an anti-fungal medication right along with an antibiotic prescription. Yeast infection anyone??? There are also harmful side-effects to consider when using antibiotics, not to mention that the overuse of them has led to resistant strains of bacteria, including p.acnes and MRSA.
All in all, taking antibiotics for the treatment of acne just isn’t a good option. At best, they are temporary solution. They DO NOT address the root of the problem whatsoever.
Are you getting married soon? Are you a bridesmaid in a wedding? Do you know someone who is getting married? Are you doing the makeup for a bride and/or her bridal party? If you answered “yes” to any of these questions, then you’ll want to take notes. I’m about to share with you some of the BEST bridal makeup tips for the season.
If you’re a bride, did you know that the time of day you’re getting married directly correlates to how your makeup should be worn? Yes, it’s true. Pay attention to what I’m about to share with you so that you can look your very best on such a special occasion.
If you’re getting married in the morning, there is a lot of natural light that always tends to photograph with more of a ‘blue’ hue. Less is more when it comes to makeup for a morning bride. It’s the perfect time of day for “natural girls” to get married; not so much for someone with less-than-perfect skin.
Matte foundation is always a good choice for photos but morning brides can also opt for something that has a slight sheen or dewiness to it, because the morning light offers a nice softness. Do not use a lot of powder and/or concealer as it will not photograph well. The goal for a morning bride is to choose a color palette that is warm, soft and subtle on all areas of the face. Make sure to blend everything well and consider false lashes to define the lashline instead of a heavy layer of eyeliner.
During the middle of the day, the sun is directly over head which can be harsh and cast shadows. Just like morning brides, if your skin is less than perfect, it’s not the optimal time to get married. Also, if you have very deep-set eyes, midday lighting can make your eyes look like “black holes” if you don’t choose the correct colors and/or you don’t blend your makeup to perfection.
Midday brides should not wear foundation that has any sheen to it- stick to a matte finish. Blush should be matte as well; creme blush is a great option. However, if you have oily skin, stick with a powder blush that is matte. The highlighter shade for the eyes should have a shimmer to it- no frost. The midtone and accent color for the eyes needs to be matte. If you do wear eyeliner, keep it extremely close to the lashline and blend, blend, blend. For a midday bride, there is no such thing as overblending! You can also consider using false lashes to define the eyes instead of worrying about the possibility of eyeliner looking too harsh.
This is one of the best times of the day to get married! The sun is beginning to set and it casts as beautiful golden light on everything it touches. Photos comes out the best in this type of natural lighting. A late-afternoon bride can choose to be a little more dramatic with her makeup application. Also, she can wear more powder and concealer to cover up flaws without worrying about looking overly made up.
Since evening is just on the horizon, a photographer will most likely use a flash for pictures. Make sure to wear enough blush so that you don’t look washed out in your photos. You can choose to use a light application of bronzer as well to add a warm, soft glow.
Late-afternoon brides get the “A-OK” to wear richer colors because they don’t show up too intense in photos at this time of day. Your blush can have a shimmer-effect to it and your eye highlighter should be a shimmer as well- no frost. Choose a matte hue for your midtone and/or accent eye color. Never use a shimmer for all 3 colors because your eyes will photograph too shiny. Lastly, you can wear more eyeliner and false lashes should definitely be used for some added glamour.
Ah, if you’re a “drama queen”, then this is the time of day for you! You can most certainly glam-it-up with color and application. Smoky eyes are a great choice for evening brides- just remeber to go neutral on the lips.
The key to evening bridal makeup is to make sure everything is well-defined: eyes, lips and cheeks. However, well-defined DOES NOT necessarily mean you have to go darker with colors. You can add more drama with brighter colors, bronzer and also from contouring your face. Remember, all photos will be taken with a flash so you want to avoid looking washed out and ‘flat’. Choose eye colors with flair and shimmer but NO frost in order to avoid looking overly shiny. False lashes are really a must-have for evening weddings because they really help to define the lashline. Also, if you have very light brown to blonde hair, make sure to use a brow definer so that your brows show up in the photos and don’t get washed out by the camera’s flash.
Bridal Makeup Quick Tips:
-Bridesmaids should NEVER be more made up than the bride- no exceptions.
-Bridesmaids’ makeup doesn’t have to match- just the intensity of the makeup has to match.
-ALWAYS do a trial run for hair and makeup!
-Get bridal ready in this order: Hair then makeup then dress
-If you dont’ like false lashes or can’t wear them, just be sure to curl your lashes really well and then layer your mascara to get really nice defined eyes.
-If a bride and groom lick their lips before they kiss, the lipstick will not transfer. (yes, this really does work!)
If you follow the advice I’ve given you, your wedding day look AND photos will be picture-perfect!
Learn easy ways to sculpt your face shape using advanced mineral makeup techniques Enjoy!
There are 9 basic facial shapes: Round, Square, Heart, Pear/Triangle, Oblong, Rectangle, Diamond, Inverted Triangle, Oval.
An oval-shaped face is considered the perfect facial shape. It’s easy to achieve an oval-shaped face with nothing more than foundation and powder.
Sculpting the Face to Perfection:
The following technique will add color, warmth and life to EVERY face. The subtle effect of facial sculpting can
also add a youthful glow to your complexion and make fuller faces appear much slimmer and younger.
Basic facial “sculpting” involves highlighting and contouring the face. Highlighting or lightening brings everything forward. Contouring or darkening/deepening makes everything recede.
Through facial sculpting, we pull forward the area of the face we want to see (the oval area) and push back the areas we don’t want to see.
What you need to start: 3 shades of foundation or powder (highlight powder and bronzers) in 3 different DEPTH levels.
Second choice is your HIGHLIGHT color. This color should be one level LIGHTER than your first color; preferably with the same undertone. (Your choice would be Neutral Ivory Foundation)
Third choice is your CONTOUR shade. It should be one level DEEPER; preferably with the same undertone. Here’s where you can use matte bronzers if you choose. DO NOT USE BLUSH TO
CONTOUR. (You could use Neutral Tan Foundation)
To begin sculpting:
Apply the first color (true foundation color) in a light layer all over the face. Visualize an OVAL on your
face. The width of the oval is your eye sockets; the height and length of the oval extends from the tip ofyour forehead to the tip of your chin. The reason behind envisioning an oval is to help see where to
highlight and contour.
Next, apply your second color (highlight color) to the high points inside the oval. These include: forehead, under the eyes at the top of your cheekbones (zygomatic arch), and the tip of the chin.
Finally, apply your third color (contour color) to the areas OUTSIDE of the oval such as temples, along the hairline and sides of the cheeks down to the jaw. Finish off the look with a light dusting of powder in either translucent or one that matches the true skin tone.
*TIP: If you want more of a dramatic appearance (i.e. special events, photo shoots, etc.), then choose a more dramatic contrast between the 3 shade choices. Just remember, the more dramatic your color choices, the more carefully and thoroughly you’ll need to blend the shades together.
Rule of Thumb: With ivory/beige skin tones, you will CONTOUR more than you highlight. With bronze/ebony skin, you will HIGHLIGHT more than you contour.
You’re getting ready to go out for a night on the town when you discover a large, red pimple smack in the middle of your nose. You frantically search your makeup bag for your handy-dandy PRIIA face concealer only to realize you’re all out. All you have is your PRIIA loose mineral foundation. What’s a girl to do???
Have No Fear- The Mineral Makeup Coach is Here!
First, take a deep breath (just not over your opened jar of loose minerals, please). All you need for this seemingly impossible task is your PRIIA loose mineral foundation. Say what??? Yes, you heard that right and here’s your step-by-step instructions…
Do your normal foundation application with our skin-loving flat top foundation brush. Wait a few seconds to let the minerals begin to work with your skin’s own natural chemistry. Next, take our taklon concealer brush and gently dip it into your Essential Cover loose mineral foundation. Make sure to really work the minerals into the brush. Take your concealer brush and gently pat it onto the problem area until it’s completely covered. Don’t swipe it on and don’t stray too far “outside the lines”. Make sure to blend any obvious edges. You can ‘set’ this concealer trick with some HydraPrime or Behave Finishing Powder using the same concealer brush or clean fingers.
Voila! Your problem is GONE– at least visually it is.
You see, covering up a raised area of skin such as in the case of a blemish or keloid-type scar, can be difficult. The reason being is that the pore or pores are stretched making it sometimes tricky to cover them successfully with a cream-based product. It just seems to slide around and not ‘stick’. Our Loose Mineral Foundation is made to adhere to the skin and that’s why this trick works so well.
Another added benefit to using your PRIIA loose mineral foundation to cover these types of problems is that you will have an EXACT match to the rest of your face. I cannot tell you how many times I’ve seen botched concealer jobs on women. They either choose a concealer that is too light or too dark for their skin tone. In either case, the problem they are trying to cover up is only made MORE noticeable. Don’t make this mistake. You’ll only having people staring at you funny. Trust me on this.
So there you have it. Another makeup emergency solved. If you haven’t tried PRIIA’s fabulous products, what are you waiting for? Get on over to www.priia.com and get yourself some samples. You can thank me later.
True or False: Oily skin be also be dry at the same time.
Answer: True. The dryness that is felt is actually dehydration which is a skin condition (not a skin type). The surface of the skin is lacking water. This condition is usually caused by using and over cleaning with harsh soaps, too much sun exposure, overly hot water and either using the wrong type of moisturizer or non at all. To treat this type of condition, stay away from harsh facial cleansers containing sulfates and alcohol that strip the skin’s surface of it’s natural lipid barrier. Instead, look for a mild foaming cleanser with natural surfactants from plant derived oils and extracts such as Decyl Polyglucose which is made from corn, glucose and starch.
If you decide to use a toner after cleansing, use one that will balance the skin’s pH and is free from alcohol and synthetic fragrance. Natural hydrosols are wonderful as toners. One of my favorites is organic rose water hydrosol.
For moisturizing and sun protection, look for products that are non-comedogenic (won’t clog pores) and non-acnegenic (won’t cause breakouts). They should have a lightweight texture to them. Oily dehydrated skin needs humectants (water binders) not emollients. Oily skin makes enough of it’s own natural emollient in the form of sebum. The best humectant ingredients to look for are: sodium PCA, glycerin and my favorite, hyaluronic acid (50 kDa). All of these ingredients not only attract water to the skin, they bind it there. Typically these ingredients are found more in serums as opposed to traditional moisturizers.
In my last post, I asked, “Do oily skin types need LESS moisture than dry skin types?”
The answer to this question is NO. I can also say the answer is FALSE if I were making the statement that oily skin needs less moisture than dry skin.
Oil and water levels within the skin are 2 very different things. Did you know that over 78% of individuals with oily skin types are actually DEHYDRATED. This creates a vicious cycle: the skin is oily yet dehydrated (lacking sufficient moisture) and then begins to produce more oil because of the imbalance. This process will continue to repeat itself over and over until the problem is addressed and corrected.
The plain and simple truth is that ALL skin types need the proper amount of hydration to look their best and stay balanced. Oily skin types should look for a water-based moisturizer, whereas dry skin types should look for a emollient-based moisturizer.
If you have oily skin, your best bet would be to use a water-based hydrator first and then apply an acne-safe moisturizer. You can also apply a few drops of high linoleic safflower or sunflower oil over top in order to “seal” that moisturizer within the skin’s surface.
Probiotics are microbes which are "good" bacteria that help to balance the body and can be found in foods such as yogurt and milk. Probiotics are also available in supplement form such as Acidophillus tablets.
Typically, probiotics are used to treat wide variety of digestive and gastrointestinal issues, however, lately they are being looked at as a possible topical treatment for acne skin conditions. The theory being presented is that probiotics will clear up acne by reducing the amount of bacteria on the skin's surface. Also, probiotics can help reduce the amount of inflammation within the skin which is also a contributing factor to those who suffer from acne.
Here's my opinion on the subject as a licensed skin care professional specializing in the treatment of acneic skin conditions…
First, anything claiming to be a "cure" for acne should immediately send up red flags. Why? Because there is NO CURE for acne. It can be managed but not cured.
Secondly, although the theory of probiotics reducing the amount of bacteria on the skin's surface sounds promising, it doesn't attack the SOURCE. The bacteria that causes acne is the p.acnes bacteria and lives deep within the sebaceous (oil) glands. When the follicle gets 'plugged' and no oxygen can get to it, the p.acnes bacteria multiply rapidly because they are anaerobic (live without oxygen). Once this happens, the infection takes hold and a pimple begins to form. Probiotics can't get to the source; they only work on the outter most layer of the skin.
Overall, I feel probiotics aren't a bad idea when it comes to another means to treating acne. They do offer surface bacteria reduction to a point and they have anti-aging and skin-tone-improving abilities. However, in my opinion, they need to be used IN CONJUCTION with other proven acne-fighters.
Question:Have you ever tried probiotics as a means to treating breakouts such as making a homemade yogurt facial masque? Let me know-I'd like to hear your thoughts. Thanks!
I had a big smile on my face the other day when I opened the large envelope that had come from PETA– People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals.
The envelope contained a certificate of appreciation for the fact that PRIIA Cosmetics is a part of PETA’s Caring Consumer Program and DOES NOT test on animals nor does it buy from suppliers who do or use ingredients that have been tested on animals. We’re so proud to be a part of this program and to offer CRUELTY-FREE products for our valuable clients. Plus, it always feels great to be recognized for something you truly believe in!
We've all done it. Gotten a little too over-zealous with the blush. Before you know it, our cheek color application is making us look like we've gotten a slap across the face. Ouch!
What's the best way to deal with this makeup mistake?
It's easy! Instead of trying to rub away excess product and pigment which will only make your skin 'pink up' even more, simply apply a light application of face powder over the problem area and gently buff over the blush mistake. This will greatly tone down and diffuse the look of too much cheek color.
To avoid making this mistake again in the future, be sure to tap off any excess cheek color before applying it to the face. Remember that the first place your blush brush will touch will deposit the most amount of pigment. So, instead of plunking the brush right onto the apples of your cheeks, start at your hairline and gently move the brush forward. Continue with a light 'sweeping' motion back and forth horizontally. To blend away any obvious blush lines, move the brush over the blush line in an up and down motion. This softens the look, making it appear more natural- the way blush is really meant to be.
Looking for a great cheek color that will give you the perfect amount of color? Consider trying PRIIA Cosmetics CheekWhisperz Loose Mineral Blush. You'll also find a large selection of cosmetic brushes that are Vegan & Synthetic and are the softest brushes you face will ever feel!